The 5th of April 2018 marks the end of the first year of disclosures under the new UK gender pay gap reporting requirements. Just over 10,000 companies employing more than 250 people in England, Scotland and Wales have disclosed their figures, although reportedly more than 500 are yet to publish and may face possible fines and reputational damage. Below is an analysis of the gender pay disclosures for companies in the insurance sector, including how the disclosures in the insurance sector compare to the wider UK disclosures.
Both the pay and bonus gaps in insurance are, in general, considerably higher than the pay gap across industries. The median mean pay gap for all UK companies is around 14% compared to around 29% in insurance (figure 1) and 30% across Financial Services.
Figure 1: Pay gap analysis – This chart shows the median and quartile range of mean and median pay gaps in insurance compared to all UK companies.
Figure 2: Bonus gap analysis – This chart shows the median and quartile range of mean and median bonus gaps in insurance compared to all UK companies.
The median mean bonus gap for all UK companies is around 36% compared to around 57% in insurance (figure 2) and a similar level across Financial Services. This is consistent with what we would expect, based on the latest Office of National Statistics data, and is a trend that is observable across Financial Services.
This is a challenge for the wider financial services sector that is recognised by the industry and discussed in many insurers’ additional voluntary disclosure. The UK government also recognises this challenge (leading to the establishment of the voluntary Women in Finance Charter).
However, it should be noted that we know from additional disclosures from a number of retail insurers that the gap is also driven by the larger proportion of women in lower paid roles within organisations (for example working in service centres).
Figure 3: Proportion of men – This chart shows how the mean pay gap links to the proportion of men in each insurance company.
Figure 4: Number of employees – This chart shows how mean pay gaps in insurance compare in different size organisations, based on the number of employees.
Pay and bonus gaps are also driven by the significant differences in pay and bonus opportunities between the most senior employees and the wider workforce. The proportion of men and size of company (in terms of number of employees) does not have a significant impact on the size of the gap (figures 3 & 4)
This large pay gap is driven in a number of organisations by the relatively low number of women in senior roles. The majority of insurers have a quartile index above zero, showing that there is a higher proportion of men paid above the median than in the overall workforce (figure 5).
Figure 5: Seniority of men – This chart shows how the mean pay gap links to the relative seniority of men implied by the quartile disclosures (quartile index).
Comparator group based on companies with a sector code submitted to the government website relating to insurance. Some limited validation has been carried out to ensure that the group includes all major insurance organisations.
This analysis excludes any company with a pay gap above 100%. Bonus gap analysis excludes companies with either no men or no women receiving a bonus, as a gap is not possible to calculate.
The quartile index shows the relative distribution of men and women in the quartile ranges. A positive value indicates that there is a higher proportion of men in the upper and upper middle quartiles compared to the overall workforce.