In the first six months of 2016, 2,656 shops closed on Great Britain’s high streets, a rate of 15 stores a day, PwC research compiled by the Local Data Company (LDC) reveals.
This is a slight increase on the 14 stores a day reported to have closed in the first six months of 2015. However, the number of new openings has also fallen, leading to a net 503 stores disappearing from high streets, retail parks and shopping centres in the first half of 2016. This represents the highest net decline since H1 2012, when 953 more stores closed than opened (See Figure 1).
A contributing factor is the advance of online shopping, which has led to an overhaul of retail store strategies for national chains. LDC analysis shows there are over 22,200 click and collect services across 130 of the largest national retailers. Carphone Warehouse (+129), ScrewFix (+58), Toolstation (+36) and Lloydspharmacy (+33) have seen the biggest growth in click and collect services between 2015 and 2016.
Madeleine Thomson, retail and consumer leader at PwC, said:
“Despite the uncertainty and fall in number of store openings, consumer sentiment has rebounded following the post-EU referendum dip. With employment levels still high and price inflation yet to hit the shops, the majority of the UK public believe they will be better off in 12 months.
“If we look ahead to Black Friday and Cyber Monday (25th and 28th November respectively), upcoming research shows that 27% of consumers intend to make purchases, spending on average £203 over the weekend. Of this spend, 17% of will be in store (rising to 24% for over 55s).
“To increase footfall to their stores, it is key for retailers to ensure their in store offering and price point is relevant for the younger demographic who are particularly high users of online channels and very price savvy. Our Total Retail research** shows that consumers value shop assistants with a deep knowledge of the product range, the ability to check stock quickly and to see and order online ranges in store.”
The analysis of 66,401 outlets operated by multiple retailers* in 500 town centres across Great Britain found that overall volumes of activity (openings + closures) have plummeted from a record 7,749 in H1 2010 to 4,809 in H1 2016.
Tobacconists, health clubs and jewellers were among those growing at the fastest rate during the first half of 2016. Take away food shops and American, Italian and Japanese restaurants have all thrived.
The data also reveals that across multiple retailers in 500 town centres fashion shops, banks, mobile phone shops, and Women’s clothing shops have been amongst the hardest hit in the first half of 2016.
With the emergence of online and various other career-related portals (e.g. LinkedIn) supporting recruitment, high street recruitment agencies saw a net decline of 46 units (29 openings vs. 75 closures).
Mike Jervis, insolvency partner and retail specialist at PwC, said:
"We are seeing far fewer closures due to outright insolvencies, but more due to lower key restructuring of store portfolios. This is still having a negative impact particularly on the High Street - interestingly, units on retail parks are far easier to find alternative tenants for.
“The data covers the first half of 2016. Since then there has been more evidence of stress in certain parts of the retail sector as costs challenges begin to crystallise. These include foreign exchange rates, Living Wage pressures and business rates increases.
“These can be managed provided revenue is maintained - so consumer spending is key. The area where we expect most problems is in fashion retailing where recent data points to lower sales volumes.”
Comparison goods retailers are under the most pressure across Great Britain with fashion stores and men’s and women’s clothes shops all in the six hardest hit sectors. Jewellers are the main anomaly, with +24 (2.07%) new stores across GB in H1 2016.
Leisure chains (food, beverage & entertainment) have continued to thrive, with the growth rate rising from +43 stores opening in H1 2015 to +57 (+0.36%) in H1 2016. Cheque cashing, which saw a net reduction of 35 shops, continues to see churn due to tighter regulations in the industry, with other categories with similar services such as Bureaux de change (+5.07%) benefiting from their decline in store numbers.
Greater London saw the biggest increase in net closures across all the regions. The capital’s net change increased to -164 stores in H1 2016, from -63 stores in H1 2015. Expected increases in business rate valuations in late 2016 may see this trend continue into H1 2017.
Retail parks were the only location type to see growth in the number of occupiers, although their activity levels were significantly lower than both high streets and shopping centres. Shopping centres had the highest percentage net loss, of -1.0% in H1 2016.
Matthew Hopkinson, director of The Local Data Company, said:
“The retreat of multiples from town centres across Great Britain continues, reflecting the wider changes happening in retail driven by the retrenchment of comparison goods retailers, especially in clothing and footwear.
“The role of the store continues to evolve. Provision of a seamless on and offline experience is key. ‘Click and collect’ is but one example of this.
“Chains are having to work harder than ever to guarantee store location, format and experience along with a strong web presence, social presence and logistical operation that delivers to consumers’ ever increasing demands of ‘now’. This is severely impacting profitability and hastens store closures.
“The spaces left by the traditional occupants of our high streets are being increasingly filled by health care operators, food and beverage operators and the ongoing rise of the discounters. Understanding the ‘who’ and ‘where’ when it comes to multiple retailers is the key to create the destination that leads to successful and healthy town centres.”
Notes to editors
About the Local Data Company
LDC is the UK’s leading data creator using real people on the street to acquire the most up to date, on demand location and company specific data for the retail and leisure sectors. It combines powerful proprietary technology with a unique, field researched database of over half a million premises. LDC delivers primary evidence on thousands of companies and locations, including high streets, town centres, shopping centres, retail parks and standalone out of town stores.
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