The 5th of April 2018 marks the end of the first year of disclosures under the new UK gender pay gap reporting requirements. Just over 10,000 companies employing more than 250 people in England, Scotland and Wales have disclosed their figures, although reportedly more than 500 are yet to publish and may face possible fines and reputational damage. Below is an analysis of the gender pay disclosures for companies in the banking sector, including how the disclosures in the banking sector compare to the wider UK disclosures.
Both the pay and bonus gaps in banking are, in general, considerably higher than the pay gap across industries. The median mean pay gap for all UK companies is around 14% compared to around 35% in banking (figure 1) and 30% across Financial Services.
Figure 1 - Pay gap analysis – This chart shows the median and quartile range of mean and median pay gaps in banking compared to all UK companies.
Figure 2 - Bonus gap analysis – This chart shows the median and quartile range of mean and median bonus gaps in banking compared to all UK companies.
The median mean bonus gap for all UK companies is around 36% compared to around 59% in banking (figure 2) and a similar level across Financial Services. This is consistent with what we would expect, based on the latest Office of National Statistics data.
Pay and bonus gaps are also driven by the significant differences in pay and bonus opportunities between the most senior employees and the wider workforce.
Figure 3 - This chart shows how the mean pay gap links to the proportion of men in each banking company.
Figure 4 - Number of employees – This chart shows how mean pay gaps in banking compare in different size organisations, based on the number of employees.
The proportion of men and size of company (in terms of number of employees) does not have a significant impact on the size of the gap (figures 3 & 4).
Figure 5 - Seniority of men – This chart shows how the mean pay gap links to the relative seniority of men implied by the quartile disclosures (quartile index).
This large pay gap is primarily driven by the relatively low number of women in senior roles in banks in the UK. All banking organisations have a quartile index above zero, showing that there is a higher proportion of men paid above the median than in the overall workforce (figure 5). This is a challenge for the wider financial services sector that is recognised by the industry and discussed in many banks’ additional voluntary disclosure. The UK government also recognises this challenge (leading to the establishment of the voluntary Women in Finance Charter). However, it should be noted that we know from additional disclosure from a number of retail banks that the gap is also driven by the larger proportion of women in lower paid roles within organisations (for example working in service centres).
Comparator group based on companies with a sector code submitted to the government website relating to banking or central banking. Some limited validation has been carried out to ensure that the group includes all major banking organisations.
This analysis excludes any company with a pay gap above 100%. Bonus gap analysis excludes companies with either no men or no women receiving a bonus, as a gap is not possible to calculate.
The quartile index shows the relative distribution of men and women in the quartile ranges. A positive value indicates that there is a higher proportion of men in the upper and upper middle quartiles compared to the overall workforce.