With an industrial growth strategy to reach middle-income status in 10 years and a very large young demographic entering the workforce, Ethiopia is facing imminent rapid urbanisation. The Government has recognised that, if planned and managed in the right way, this structural transformation presents a huge opportunity for accelerated and sustainable growth with huge wider development dividends for the poor, women and girls and the rural population.
Working with four Ministers, the Ethiopian Research Development Institute (EDRI) and the New Climate Economy (NCE), PwC developed a spatial economic planning framework for growth that can be used by Government to analyse the impact of a range of urbanisation pathways through to 2025 and 2050, and presented to the government a preferred spatial strategy for growth which identified economic development corridors and clusters linked to economic function and resource inputs of key cities and regions.
Building on the first phase of work, the second phase examined the interface between industrialisation and urbanisation for Ethiopia and focused on a number of key industrial park developments. The project analysed key investment requirements to transform industrial development to optimise compact, connected and climate resilient urban growth.
In response to our work, the Ethiopian government revised its planning processes to integrate spatial and economic planning. A set of proposed actions and the framework planning process are now embedded in the Government’s 5-year economic Growth and Transformation Plan II and our client is looking to replicate this work in other countries. The recommendations were very well received by government and the work was highlighted by ICAI as good practice.